Polygon is a Layer 2 scaling solution for Ethereum that enhances transaction speed and reduces costs while maintaining security and decentralization. It uses sidechains and various Layer 2 technologies to offer a scalable and flexible platform for developing decentralized applications.

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What is Polygon?

Polygon, previously known as Matic Network, is a Layer 2 scaling solution for Ethereum that aims to provide faster and cheaper transactions while maintaining the security and decentralization of the Ethereum blockchain. Launched in 2017, Polygon has quickly become a popular choice for developers and users seeking to overcome the limitations of Ethereum's scalability. By offering a multi-chain framework and leveraging sidechains, Polygon enhances the performance of Ethereum-based applications without compromising on security.

Understanding Polygon

At its foundation, Polygon is designed to complement and enhance the Ethereum network rather than replace it. Ethereum, while robust and secure, has faced challenges with high gas fees and slow transaction times, especially during periods of high demand. Polygon addresses these issues by using Layer 2 solutions and sidechains, which operate alongside the Ethereum mainchain to process transactions more efficiently.

How Polygon Works

Polygon uses a variety of technologies to achieve its scaling goals. The primary component is the Polygon POS (Proof-of-Stake) chain, which operates as a sidechain to Ethereum. This chain allows for high-speed transactions at a fraction of the cost. Validators on the Polygon network stake MATIC tokens, Polygon's native cryptocurrency, to secure the network and validate transactions. This Proof-of-Stake mechanism ensures that the network remains decentralized and secure while providing the necessary scalability.

Additionally, Polygon supports various Layer 2 solutions, such as Plasma, Optimistic Rollups, and zk-Rollups. These solutions enable developers to choose the best scaling method for their specific use case, further enhancing the flexibility and utility of the Polygon network.

Benefits of Polygon

Polygon offers several key benefits that make it an attractive choice for developers and users alike:

  1. Scalability: Polygon significantly increases transaction throughput, allowing for thousands of transactions per second, compared to Ethereum's limited capacity.

  2. Low Fees: By processing transactions on sidechains and Layer 2 solutions, Polygon reduces gas fees to a fraction of what they would be on the Ethereum mainchain.

  3. Compatibility: As a Layer 2 solution, Polygon is fully compatible with existing Ethereum tools, dApps, and smart contracts, making it easy for developers to integrate and migrate.

  4. Security: By leveraging Ethereum's security model and implementing its own Proof-of-Stake mechanism, Polygon ensures that transactions are secure and the network is resilient against attacks.

The Polygon Ecosystem

Polygon's ecosystem has grown rapidly, with a wide range of projects and protocols choosing to build on its platform. This includes decentralized finance (DeFi) applications, gaming platforms, NFT marketplaces, and more. Projects like Aave, Sushiswap, and Decentraland have integrated with Polygon to take advantage of its scalability and low fees, providing their users with a smoother and more cost-effective experience.

The Polygon SDK (Software Development Kit) further empowers developers by offering a modular and flexible framework for building their own Layer 2 chains and scaling solutions. This promotes innovation and allows developers to tailor their applications to their specific needs.


The MATIC token is an integral part of the Polygon network. It is used for staking by validators, paying transaction fees, and participating in governance decisions. As the network grows and more projects are built on Polygon, the demand for MATIC continues to increase, reflecting its essential role in the ecosystem.

Challenges Accounting for Polygon

Accounting for Polygon presents distinct challenges due to its Layer 2 nature and its interactions with the Ethereum mainchain. Bridging assets between Ethereum and Polygon requires careful tracking of transactions across both chains, which complicates reconciliation and reporting.

The high volume of microtransactions facilitated by Polygon's low fees and fast processing times necessitates robust accounting systems to manage and aggregate data efficiently.

Additionally, DeFi activities on Polygon, such as staking and yield farming, require meticulous record-keeping. Ensuring compliance with evolving cryptocurrency regulations further adds complexity to the accounting process.




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